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'www.friskyfinches.com - Our site is the premier provider for information about Gouldian finches. Here you can get medication, health care and supplements for finches. Our premium baby hatchling food is the best choice for baby hatchlings. We use superior quality Leach grains and seeds which are specifically formulated for our Gouldians.'
General Lady Gouldian Finch Information Below
The information contained on this page is only meant for "basic" information on the Lady Gouldian Finch. For a complete detailed guide on breeding and maintaining the proper health of these beautiful birds please click on the links listed above and be sure to check out our articles contained within the 12 steps to success breeding the Gouldian finch. This will give you a complete step by step very detailed guide on how to be completely successful with these birds. We go into great detail on exactly what we do, how and when to do it so anyone can achieve the same total success with the Lady Gouldian Finch that we have here at Frisky Finches. Please note this is all based on a Southern California climate so you may need to adjust the instructions in the 12 steps to success to your location or breeding situations.
Thank you once again for visiting our website. We hope the information contained within will answer all of your questions and concerns. If you cannot find the answers you seek, please contact us, we would love to hear from you!
The Lady Gouldian Finch originates across northern Australia from Derby in the west across to the Cape York Peninsula. The range of the Gouldian finch in recent years has declined sharply. Legal and illegal trapping up until the 1970s resulted in numbers being taken for the aviculture trade. There have not been any finches exported. However more recently Australian Government studies show that the Gouldians decline may be attributed to rural development, particularly in the cattle and mining industry. There is another barrier to the Gouldians becoming wide spread. This barrier is the airsac mite which has permeated the flocks of the Gouldians in the wild. This mite attacks the lungs of the Gouldian causing respiratory distress within the respiratory system. The Australian Government estimates that there are fewer than 2,500 mature Gouldian's in the wild.
According to the English "Legend", which we believe to be a misnomer due to the lack of historical documentation available... In 1841, an English Ornithologist, John Gould, while on an Australian expedition came across what most believe to be the most beautiful finch in the world. John Gould named this magnificent finch, "The Lady Gouldian", to honor his artist wife, Lady Elizabeth Gould. The first living Lady Gouldian finches arrived in England in 1887.
The Lady Gouldian Finch, Chloebia gouldiae, is arguably the one of the most vividly colorful birds on earth. Its native habitat is the northern region of Australia. The Gouldian Finch is now an endangered species. Australia has a closed door policy prohibiting the exportation of animals from the country. Exportation of Australian finches was banned in 1960.
Gouldians are between 5 to 5.5 inches in size or 13-14 cm long. The coloration of the cock is far more brilliant than that of the hen. The male has a noticeably longer center tail feather.
Gouldian finches, like many other finches, have a beautiful soft chirp, but do not like to be petted or held. Individuals seeking pets that enjoy being held should probably shy away from the Gouldian finch. Gouldian finches should be kept in one or more pairs to satisfy their need for social contact. Gouldians sing, but only the males (some better than others).
Gouldian finches, whether in a cage or aviary, need the largest flying space affordable. A minimum flying space of 24 inches is recommended. Cages, either metal or wooden, are the most frequent cost-effective choice for housing Gouldian finches. The space between cage bars should never be greater than one-half inch. Experts report good results when employing box cages which are closed from every side but the front. Gouldian finches are susceptible to health problems with cold drafts or wind. It is recommended there is an area in their cage or loft where they can escape the breeze. Actual brass cages are not recommended because of potential toxic qualities (although, most cages brass in color are not actually made of brass).
Gouldians need natural sunlight as well as shade. Its housing should allow the birds access to natural sunlight. If this is not possible, full color spectrum "artificial sun light" should be provided (with a timer).
The Gouldians primary food is seed (various
millets, canary, flax and niger seeds). Although, seed is the principal item in any finches diet, even a good mixture of seeds in not completely sufficient to insure a balanced diet. Nutrient needs change throughout the life of the Gouldian finch and according to the various stages in its life cycle. Other more detailed resources should be consulted to adequately cover this topic.
EXTREMELY IMPORTANT NOTE: All eggs and egg shells have the salmonella bacteria in them which is deadly to finches. It's mandatory you "BAKE" any egg shells your feeding to your birds in the oven on a cookie sheet at a 375 degrees for a minimum of 45 to 55 minutes (until golden brown) to kill all the salmonella bacteria before crushing them up and feeding the shells to your birds. If you do not follow these cooking steps the salmonella bacteria will kill your birds!
We highly recommend making additional vitamins, minerals and trace elements available in your birds grit. Please see our nutrition page for more information on the proven products we use.
Grit: Grit is another very important element to the Gouldians diet. Insoluble grit assists the bird in digestion of seed. Many Gouldian owners provide their pets with a few teaspoons of crushed oyster shells and crushed charcoal is mandatory to insure a healthy digestive tract. Gouldians, not exposed to daily sunlight, should be given some form of vitamin D supplement. In fact, a wide spectrum vitamin supplement is recommended by breeders regularly, especially when the birds are going through their molt. It is also recommended to provide your birds with additional calcium and iodine supplements during the molting season to help in the production of their new "very colorful" feathers.
Please see our 12 steps to success breeding Gouldians for more
information on this topic.
In the wild Gouldian finches nested in hollowed out trees, empty burrows and other secluded difficult locations. As a rule, Gouldian's are lousy nest builders. Wicker or bamboo nests are sometimes used in captivity as nesting sites however we recommend wooden nest boxes approximately (6x6x10 inches) with an open, "side entry" in the front or porch entry with the nesting area accessed through a 1 1/2 inch round hole for the birds to access the back of the box. The top should open for cleaning and access if necessary. Nesting material can include different tall fescue grass or commercially sold materials. Gouldians would prefer grass for nest building however the store bought materials will work if that is all made available to the birds. We recommend that some nesting material be placed in the nest box prior to the birds laying eggs to pre-form a bowl shaped nest to insure that the eggs remain in a confined area and are not simply laid on the bottom of a nesting box to float around the box without nesting material. This will cause uneven incubation of the eggs and result in a low or no hatch success ratio.
It is important not to allow finches that are closely related to produce offspring. Inbreeding weakens the genes and will result in small birds, washed out colors, a weakening of the offspring and eventually the breed.
The most frequently mentioned Gouldian finch health issues are:
Egg binding is an especially serious problem effecting female Gouldian finches during the time that they are attempting to lay eggs. We believe one of the causes of this syndrome is a lack of calcium in their system. The egg gets lodged in the birth canal and the Gouldian female is unable to pass it. The female Gouldian would will become so weak that she sits at the bottom of the cage. This is a serious condition and necessitates immediate action. Preferably, it is always best to consult a qualified avian veterinarian. The following link is to articles concerning this health topic:
The calcium supplement (calcium gluconate) with 23% liquid calcium has been very effective in assisting in this problem: Please visit our Nutrition & Heath page for this product.
Please visit our introduction to the Lady Gouldian Finch pages and our articles on the 12 steps to success breeding the Lady Gouldian finch for a complete step by step very detailed guide on how to be completely successful with these birds. We go into great detail on exactly what we do, how and when we do it so anyone can achieve total success with the Lady Gouldian Finch. If you have any questions or concerns please contact us, we would love to hear from you.
Disclaimer: The author of this website is not a licensed veterinarian. The information and advise contained within is only offered as a basic introduction to the Gouldian Finch and comes from over 10 years personal experience breeding this species. Our success is also attributed to 30 years of accumulated avian knowledge breeding various other bird species, veterinary advise, research and discussions with other professional breeders.
Thank you for visiting our website. We hope you will find it informative and helpful.
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